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 Massachusetts resources to enhance teaching and learning.


Primary Source Repositories for this Project:

American Antiquarian Society
185 Salisbury Street
Worcester, MA 01609

American Textile History Museum
491 Dutton Street
Lowell, MA 01854
Fax: 978-441-1412

Fall River Historical Society
451 Rock Street
Fall River, MA 02720

Lynn Museum
125 Green Street
Lynn, MA 01901
Fax: 781-592-0012
(As of July, 2005, the Lynn Museum will be located at the Lynn Heritage State Park, 590 Washington Street, Lynn, MA 01901)

Lowell National Historical Park Library
Library Servies
67 Kirk Street
Lowell, MA 01852

Massachusetts State Archives
220 Morrissey Blvd.
Boston, MA 02125
Fax: 617-288-8429

Massachusetts Historical Society
1154 Boylston Street
Boston, MA 02215
Fax: 617-859-0074

Old Sturbridge Village Research Library
1 Old Sturbridge Village Road
Sturbridge, MA 01566

Schlesinger Library of Radcliffe College at Harvard University
10 Garden Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Fax: 617-496-8340

Waltham Historical Society
190 Moody Street
Waltham, MA 02453

Published Primary Sources

This is a beginning list. Note that many of these sources below involve women who were the diarists and letter writers. Operatives letters and mill memoranda tend to be in unpublished collections.

Blewett, Mary H., ed., The Diary of a Lowell Mill Girl Caught Between Two Worlds, Lowell Museum, 1984. Out -of-print; may be viewed in Lowell National Historical Park Library.

Dublin, Thomas Louis, ed., Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826-1860. New York: Columbia University Press, 2nd Edition, 1981.

Eisler, Benita, ed. The Lowell Offering: Writings by New England Mill Women (1840-1845). W.W. Norton & Co., 1977.  Introduction concerning experiment of Boston Associates as they planned for mill center, using women as labor force, as a "shining example" of virtuous and educated women.

Foner, Philip S., ed., and Lewis, Ronald L., ed. The Factory Girls: A Collection of Writings on Life and Struggles in the New England Factories of the 1840's. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1977.

Larcom, Lucy, A New England Girlhood Outlined from Memory, 1889. Northeastern University Press; Reprint Edition, 1985. This Lowell mill girl's diary is especially good for reading by students.

Lowell Historical Society, ed., Lowell Views: A Collection of Nineteenth Century Prints, Paintings, and Drawings. Lowell Historical Society, Lowell, MA, 1985.

Merrimack Valley Textile Museum, ed., New City on the Merrimack. Andover, MA 1974. Prints of Lawrence 1845-1876, Occasional Reports Number Two, (Museum now American Textile History Museum, Lowell)

Robinson, Harriet Hanson, "Loom and Spindle; or, Life Among the Early Mill Girls". Press Pacifica; Revised Edition, 1976.

Spinner Publications, New Bedford, MA 02741: Historical and cultural publications on New Bedford, Fall River and Southeastern Mass., including primary sources and oral history on immigration, local industries including textiles, cranberry growing, maritime and fishing industries.

Zonderman, David A., Aspirations and Anxieties: New England Workers and the Mechanized Factory System, 1815-1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Contains primary sources on mill girls, child labor and early industrial history in first half of 19th century and provides an excellent bibliography on primary sources.

Online Primary Sources

Kid Info: Immigration, Industrial Revolution (general)

Library of Congress American Memory Learning Page (general)
See also: Lesson Framework - Primary Sources

Lizzie Borden and Fall River Center for Computer-Based Instructional Technology, University of Mass. Amherst

National Archives and Records Administration The Digital Classroom contains primary sources, activities, and research tools

New York State Archives has sample lessons from Consider the Source book

Primary Source Professional Development for K-12 Teachers in History and Humanities

Primary Source Media American Journey documents on CD-Rom with related booklet of worksheets developed by National Archives.  See also city directories, including Massachusetts cities.

Women and Social Movements in the US 1830-1930 (Thomas Dublin site contains Lowell information)

Instructional Materials Including Primary Sources

Cobblestone Magazine, Teaching with Primary Sources series includes Immigrant Experience and Child Labor.

Consider the Source: Historical Records in the Classroom, University of the State of New York, State Education Department and New York State Archives, Albany, NY 12230, 1996.

Discovery Enterprises Ltd, Perspectives on History Series contain primary and secondary source materials on specific periods and events in American history, including industrial revolution and labor history. Educator's Guides to Series&emdash;Using Primary Sources, also available.

Jackdaws Publications (portfolios of primary source documents); published by Golden Owl Publishing Co., Amawalk, NY 10501.

Social Education, the journal of the National Council for the Social Studies, has a regualr feature known as Teaching with Documents.

Teaching with Historical Places, National Park Service, National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, DC (teaching materials tie into National Register of Historic Places sites of NPS, using historic sites as primary sources).

Secondary Sources:

Abbott, Richard H., Cotton and Capital: Boston Businessmen and Antislavery Reform, 1854-1868. Univesity of Massachusetts Press, 1991.

Bedford, Henry F., Their Lives and Their Numbers: The Condition of Working People in Massachuetts, 1870-1900. Cornell University Press, 1995.

Blewett, Mary H., Men, Women, and Work: Class, Gender and Protest in the New Englnad Shoe Industry, 1780-1910. University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Blewett, Mary H., Surviving Hard Times: The Working People of Lowell. Museum of American Textile History (Lowell Museum), 1982.

Cameron, Ardis, Radicals of the Worst Sort: Laboring Women of Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1860- 1912. University of Illinois Press, Revised Edition 1995.

Cole, Donald B. Immigrant City: Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1845-1921. University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Dawley, Alan, Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn. Harvard University Press, 25th Anniv. Edition, 2000.

Dublin, Thomas, Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826-1860. Columbia University Press, 2nd ed Ed, 1981.

Faler, Paul. Mechanics and Manufacturers in the Early Industrial Revolution: Lynn, Massachusetts, 1780-1860. Albany, NY: State Univ. of New York Press, 1981.

Folsom, Michael Brewster and Steven D. Lubar, eds. The Philosophy of Manufactures: Early Debates over Industrialization in the United States. Documents in American Industrial History, Vol.1. MIT Press, 1982.

Foner, Philip S., From the Founding of the American Federation of Labor to the Emergence of American Imperialism: History of the Labor Movement in the United States. International Publishers, 1955.

Fones-Wolf, and Martin Kaufman, Labor in Massachusetts: Selected Essays. Westfield State College, 1990.

Garraty, John A., ed., Labor and Capital in the Gilded Age: Testimony Taken by the Senate Committee upon the Relation Between Labor and Capital - 1883. Boston: Little, Brown, 1968.

Green, James R., and Hugh Carter Donahue. Boston's Workers: A Labor History. Boston Public Library, 1978.

Gross, Laurence F., The Course of Industrial Decline: The Boott Cotton Mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, 1835-1955. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Handlin, Oscar. Boston's Immigrants 1790-1880: A Study in Acculturation. Belknap Press; Rev&Enlrgd Edition 1991.

Handlin, Oscar. The Uprooted. Little Brown & Co., Rei ed. 1990.

Handlin, Oscar. The Uprooted: The Epic Story of the Great Migrations That Made the American People. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2nd Edition 2002.

Hartford, William, Working People of Holyoke: Class and Ethnicity in a Massachusetts Mill Town, 1850-1960 (Class and Culture). Rutgers University Press, 1991.

Juravich, Tom, William F. Hartford, and James R. Green, Commonwealth of Toil: Chapters in the History of Massachusetts Workers and Their Unions. University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.

Lewis, Rob, Images of America: Fall River. Arcadia Publishing Reissue Edition 2003.

Lubar, Steven, Engines of Change: The American Reolution, 1790-1860. Smithsonian Books, 1986.

Macauley, David, Mill. Houghton Mifflin/ Walter Lorraine Books, 1989. Good understandable illustrations and descriptions for students.

Murphy, Theresa Anne, Ten Hours' Labor: Religion, Reform, and Gender in Early New England. Cornell University Press, 1992.

Prude, Jonathon, The Coming of Industrial Order: Town and Factory Life in Rural Massachusetts, 1810-1860. Cornell University Press, New Ed Edition, 1985.

Silvia, Philip T. Jr., ed., Victorian Vistas: Fall River. Three Volumes. Vol. I, 1865-1885, Fall River: R.E. Smith Printing Co. 1987. Available through First Federal Savings Bank of America, Fall River, MA 02720. (May be out-of-print but can be viewed in libraries.)

Tager, Jack and John W. Ifkovic, eds, Massachusetts in the Gilded Age. University of Massachusetts Press, 1985.

Wilkie, Richard W. and Jack Tager, The Historical Atlas of Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts Press, 1991.

N.B. If you have suggestions about this bilbiography (additions, subtractions or annotated comments) email MSP.


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