Local papers tell of the arrival of immigrants to work in the shoe factories. The Nova Scotians have been mentioned. Other Canadians appear in news accounts. The town census of 1880 mentioned 118 people living in Wayland that were born in Ireland living mostly in the south but some also on northern farms. Germans arrived. Albanians are mentioned as local workers but this may have been a term covering several Slavic groups. Cochituate village became crowded with boarding houses with mostly male occupants. The factories sponsored bands and baseball teams that became so professional that the entire field had a board fence around it and admission was charged.
Boarding houses became numerous but could not keep up with demand. The crowding of persons into houses in Cochituate around 1875 was illustrated and probably exaggerated by "Quill" in the Framingham Gazette of August 25 1875:
"To get an idea of the number of occupants of a majority of the
houses of this village, the following notice placed on the front
door of one of them will illustrate:
Those seeking Mr. Jones these directions will follow
Go round to the back door and hollow.
Those wishing to see Mr. Brown
Knock at the door and he will come down.
For Mr. Smith ascend the first flight
And gently rap on the door on the right.
Messrs. White and Green are on the third floor
To find them you will proceed as before.
But at the first landing take the next door
And when you have ascended the topmost stair
Open the door at the left and see if they aren't there."